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Diagnosis and treatment of amblyopia

Diagnosis and treatment of amblyopia



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Amblyopia that is diagnosed before the age of six, in general, can be treated successfully. From this age, the solution to the problem, that is, the response to treatment is almost nil. In any case, it is recommended that before the age of 3, even if your child does not present any symptoms, you go for a first visit to an ophthalmologist, who will perform a complete vision examination, in order to prevent problems such as amblyopia. .

According to Jorge AliĆ³, ophthalmologist and president of the Foundation that bears the same name, 'it is very important to monitor children, especially before six years of age, to prevent a possible amblyopia from increasing. If amblyopia reaches a critical stage, the recovery of the patient is almost impossible, so it constitutes a real problem in the face of a higher incidence of blindness. '

Unless the child has a crossed eye, there is often no way for parents to know that something is wrong. To diagnose amblyopia, children must undergo a visual examination that consists of:

1. Examine the vision of each eye by having him read a diagram containing rows of letters or signs.
2. Find out that the eyes are working together (fusion test).

Amblyopia treatment will be performed by an ophthalmologist who will cover the child's eye with good vision with a patch, and will indicate the necessary correctors for the affected eye. For an early recovery, the collaboration and extreme and careful vigilance of the parents towards their child is necessary. In children, recovery is faster if they are subjected to an early stimulation program, and periodically controlled as often as required, up to 12 years of age. Treatment should start before four years of age, and should not be abandoned before 10 years due to the risk of regression of the problem.

To strengthen the weak eye, two types of treatments can be started:

. Patches. It may be necessary to cover one eye or cover it with a patch. The eye that works best is covered, forcing the 'lazy' to work.
. Medication (in the form of drops or ointment) can be used to blur the vision of the stronger eye and force the weak eye to work. Usually this technique is used for mild cases. Treatment can last a few weeks or up to a year. After treatment, children require frequent check-ups until age 9 or 10 to prevent amblyopia from recurring.

1. Make sure your child knows why it is important to wear the patch.

2. Never punish or criticize the child for not cooperating perfectly with the treatment. It is not easy to look or feel 'different'. The treatment will not last a lifetime and it is worth explaining that it should be completed.

3. Explain the reason for the patch to teachers, caregivers and classmates, and ask for their support.

4. If the glue on the patch causes irritation, replace it with a 'pirate' patch.

5. If the child needs the patch for only a few hours each day, it is recommended to use it only at home.

Early intervention is necessary in patients with amblyopia, since the patient is affected not only by this physical problem, but also by the difficulties that they will experience in their environment. The psychological and social effects caused by amblyopia have repercussions on the child's personal relationships at school and in the family, since their self-esteem drops considerably due to a lack of self-confidence.

Source consulted:
- Medlineplus.gov
- Fundacionvisioncoi.es

- Health issues
- NOAH

You can read more articles similar to Diagnosis and treatment of amblyopia, in the category of Vision on site.


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