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In health matters, always having the gynecological part under control is very important for women. Know the problems that can develop with the reproductive system It can make us take better care of ourselves so as not to develop ills that have to do with the feminine zones.
The vagina, uterus, ovaries, or Fallopian tube They are very delicate and it is always necessary to carry out check-ups with a gynecologist to avoid health problems. But in a more concrete way, what diseases may have the ovaries?
1. Ovarian cysts:The ovaries can have cysts, as they do in other parts of the body. A cyst is a kind of sac that occurs inside the ovary and is filled with liquid, something that can happen during ovulation. When the follicle -protective part- that releases the ovum inside the ovary does not detach or open and leaves fluid in that area, it can be produce a cyst. In addition, this usually affects women who have not yet gone through menopause, because it only occurs during ovulation in reproductive age.
These ovarian cysts are usually noted with abdominal swelling and pelvic pain both at the time of menstruation and during sexual intercourse, but they disappear with the rule when the protective layer has not been opened. Spotting when you are off your period can also happen. They can disappear on their own when there is still blood inside the follicle that did manage to open, but it can disappear in about eight weeks.
2. Polycystic ovary syndrome: This gynecological disease is one of the most common in women of reproductive age, and is the one that occurs when the ovary cannot release eggs that are mature in theovulation process of the woman. Within the menstrual cycle, eggs are released from the ovaries at its peak, but when polycystic ovaries are present, the process cannot be carried out. This occurs because of problems with hormone levels, when hormones such as estrogens or progesterone are altered by physical causes and do not release eggs naturally.
This can occur in women with diabetes problems, withhypertension or who have had excessive weight gain. The symptoms are clear, as the amenorrhea -absence of menstruation-, is the first of them, as well as very abundant or irregular periods just in the opposite case. Some women with polycystic ovaries have conception problems and also suffer from cosmetic disorders such as acne. Certain contraceptives can help to regulate the ovary or lose weight, although each medical condition will depend on the patient in a specific way.
3. Ovarian cancer:It is one of the most dangerous diseases that affect the female reproductive system along with uterine cancer. It is a disease that usually affects women who are no longer in reproductive age and its symptoms are very clear: pain and swelling of the abdominal part, difficulty in eating food and immediate feeling of fullness and exaggerated frequency of urge to urinate.
This can be given by an enlargement of one of the ovaries, something that can be confirmed through transvaginal ultrasound or Blood tests. Cancer specialists and organizations recommend medical appointments to control these symptoms so that they can be treated in the first phase of the disease.
4. Early ovarian failure:Premature ovarian failure is one that occurs when the ovaries begin to fail before the woman turns forty. This means that estrogen levels necessary for the ovary to release an ovum and menstruation to arrive are not enough, and for this reason there is an absence of periods, which is known as amenorrhea.
Symptoms are similar to menopause, with sudden heat strokes, sweating, or mood swings being some of the most prominent. Some of the risks are infertility at this age, since the absence of a period for a long period could prevent conception. The medical treatment with estrogens is the most used, to get the ovaries stimulated again, although it depends on each clinical case.
5. Endometriosis: Endometriosis occurs when the cells that line the uterus develop outside it, affecting areas such as the ovaries. This causes the periods to be very painful and the bleeding very heavy. In the long run, the woman can suffer anemia, in addition to enduring very painful menstrual cycles. Once diagnosed, treatment can lead to surgery, which is usually done laparoscopically.
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