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Zika virus is transmitted by mosquito bites Aedes aegypti and, although its symptoms are not very serious in general (fever, muscle and joint pain or skin rashes), if they become very dangerous in pregnant women, since it is related to cases of microcephaly in babies born to women infected by the virus during gestation.
How is the virus spread? The main route of spread is through the bite of a mosquito that carries the virus, although it is also spread through contaminated blood, therefore contagion through sexual intercourse is possible.
What is the Zika virus? It is the question that thousands of people have been asking for a few months, since until recently, ordinary citizens were not aware of this virus. And it is that it has remained practically anonymous since 1947 when it was first detected in the Ugandan forests that bear its name.
The areas of the planet where more cases of infections are occurring are Brazil, Guatemala, El Salvador, Honduras or Mexico. However, it is expected to spread to other countries shortly.
And it is that, although the main route of infection is by receiving the bite of the mosquito that carries the virus, it is also possible that it is transmitted sexually. The Zika virus is thus transmitted through unprotected sexWhat's more, the virus has been found to stay longer in sperm than in the rest of the body.
Already in 2011 the magazine 'Emerging Infectious Diseases' reported the case of an American scientist who returned to the USA from Senegal affected by the Zika virus, his wife who had not left the country was also infected so the researchers indicated possible sexual transmission.
Other routes of infection can be by contaminated blood transfusion or perinatally, that is, from mother to baby during pregnancy.
Because all the information about Zika is recent, health authorities are recommending extreme precautions to pregnant women or women seeking pregnancy. These precautions include using a condom during sexual intercourse, postponing pregnancies for the moment and there is even a list of22 countries that pregnant women are not recommended to travel to.
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