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Herpes virus infection can be transmitted to the baby through the blood or during labor, when it passes through the mother's vagina.
There are several types of herpes, and depending on this, the treatment will be one or the other. We tell you how to prevent cold sores and how to recognize it during pregnancy.
There are two types of herpes: labial and genital. Cold sores It is Herpes simplex type 1. This type of herpes mainly affects the area of the face and lips, and it is estimated that more than 50% of the population has been affected before 6 years of age.
Once contagion occurs, the virus remains latent; and in some cases it flares up again, generally when there is a drop in defenses (remember that pregnancy is characterized by being a state of immunosuppression), and pregnant women can frequently present outbreaks.
If someone has an outbreak of this virus can be transmitted to the genitals, if there is direct contact with the mucosa. Or, if the hands that have previously touched the lip lesion are brought to the genital area, without having been washed.
In the case of Cold Sores, the symptoms are:
- Cluster-shaped vesicles on the lip, in the eye area and more rarely in other parts of the body (disseminated herpes), from which some fluid may flow, and then crust over.
- The appearance of the vesicles is preceded by burning, itching and tingling.
- The vesicles disappear in about 10-15 days without leaving scars.
A pregnant woman is infected with the cold sore virus by contact with the lips of another infected person or with their saliva. This person can be a carrier but not develop herpes. Once they have had a herpes, the person can develop it again in a moment of stress or lowering of defenses.
The pregnant woman, in turn, can infect the baby with herpes immediately after birth for kissing or having other contact with someone who has a cold sore.
A pregnant woman can prevent the spread of cold sores by:
- Scrupulous hygiene measures, hand washing.
- When the baby is born, hygienic measures are extreme to avoid contagion from mother to child.
Even if the pregnant woman has cold sores at the time of delivery, breastfeeding is possible. Cold sores can be treated with anti-herpetic creams.
You can read more articles similar to Cold sores during pregnancy, in the category of Diseases - annoyances on site.