How many headaches give the tildes! Many children, even adults, have many doubts about when to emphasize words and when not. And, although all the words have accents, not all have an accent. To help your students or children learn the rules of spelling related to accentuation, here is a short video dictation that will help you review the accents with the children at Christmas.
The video dictation that we propose is the following. You can also dictate it yourself to your children at home or to your students at school. You just have to remember the importance of keeping a slow pace so that the little ones have time to write all the words. In any case, and in case any word has been lost, we recommend reading it a second time a little faster.
Jumping and Lightning, the most mischievous reindeer in
Santa Claus,threw down the Christmas tree upon entering
the living room ofLucy.Than were they going to do now?
In addition to doing the dictation, so that the children fix all the knowledge and learn from their mistakes you must correct and clarify all doubts that have arisen at the time of doing the exercise. And that is precisely what we are going to do right now.
- 'Jumping and Lightning' are two proper names of two of Santa's reindeer, so they have to be capitalized. Also, both have an accent. In the first case, Saltarín is a word that carries the force, the stressed syllable, in the last syllable, which means that it is an acute word. When ending in N, it must be stressed (sal-ta-rín). However, in the case of Relámpago, it is an esdrújula word, because the stressed syllable is the penultimate one: re-lam-pa-go. And all esdrújulas have a tilde.
- 'Rogues'. This adjective, which is in masculine and plural, also has an accent. If we separate it by syllables es pica-ros, the stressed syllable is the third to last, so it is also is esdrújula and, therefore, has a tilde.
- Santa Claus. In the case of Santa Claus, we have to capitalize both words, as it is his own name. But also, Dad wears an accent because it's a sharp word (with the stressed syllable in the last syllable) and ends in a vowel (pa-pá).
[Read +: more Christmas dictations to learn the G and J]
On the other hand we have the word Noel, which form a hiatus: two open vowels (the O and the E) that are pronounced in different syllables come together: no-el. Being a sharp word and ending in L, it does not have an accent.
- 'Tree' has its stressed syllable in the penultimate, so it is a plain word. When ending in a letter that is not N, S or a vowel, we must put an accent on it.
- 'Salón' has its stressed syllable in the last syllable and is therefore a sharp word. Since it ends in N, it must have a tilde.
- 'Lucia' is a proper name, so it must be capitalized. In addition, it must be accentuated because when joining the I (closed) and the A (open) we have a hiatus which has the force in the closed vowel. Lucy.
- 'What' must also have an accent, since it is a question. In this case it is a direct question, but if it were an indirect question, it should also be asked (example: my father wanted to know what he had brought). It would be the same if it were an exclamation.
- 'Now' is written with H inserted.
So that the children have no doubts about when to put an accent and when not to, here is a quick review of the more general spelling rules. They will serve as a first approach to learn and review the use of accents.
The first thing to keep in mind is that there are three types of words (acute, flat and esdrújulas) according to which syllable they carry the stressed syllable. The stressed syllables are those that carry the accent of the word, force.
- Sharp words are those whose last syllable is the tonic. That is, they carry the force of the word in the last syllable. In this case, you must put an accent on the vowel when the word ends in N, S or vowel.
Examples of sharp words with and without accent marks: truck, be, igloo, clock ...
- In plain words (also known as graves), the stressed syllable is the penultimate. They are accentuated when they DO NOT end in N, S or vowel.
For example, pencil, yellow, cake, tree ...
- The esdrújulas they have the stressed syllable in the penultimate syllable and they always have an accent mark!
Some examples could be: Saturday, esdrújula, bird, pitcher ...
When the stressed syllable is before the third to last, we call them words about esdrújulas and these also always have an accent. For example: eat it, having us ...
Diphthongs, triphthongs and hiatuses ...
One of the main difficulties when it comes to putting a tick or not putting it is the formation of diphthongs, triphthongs and hiatuses. To understand them, the first thing to keep in mind is that there are open vowels (A, E and O) and closed vowels (I and U). When two of them come together, we have a diphthong or a hiatus. And when three join, a tripthong occurs.
- Diphthong. Two vowels join in the same syllable of a word. Example: wind, jus-ti-cia.
- Hiatus. Two vowels come together in the same word, but are pronounced in different syllables. If there is a closed vowel (the I or the U), it carries the force of the word, so the vowels are separated into two syllables and an accent is added. Example: Ma-rí-a, frí-o, lute.
However, a hiatus is also produced by joining two open vowels. Example: te-a-tro, a-or-ta.
And to make learning these spelling rules more fun, we suggest some other short dictations, just a sentence, with which to work the rules of accentuation and accentuation.
1. How curious! The word is esdrújula is esdrújula, that's why I remember that you always have to put a tick on it.
2. My uncle forbids my cousin to buy a cockatoo. What would you say if we suggested you adopt a dog? Bringing an owl home is a real shame.
3. Luis says that the white pencil is useless. But I like to have it in my case, in case I ever need it for plastic.
4. On Saturday we go to the airport to catch a plane. This year, we are going on vacation to Paris. Will it be cold?
5. Your dog is nicer than you. You could be more like him.
6. Joaquín would like to go to Córdoba to spend a few days. But, right now you can't go there because you have lost your wallet with your ID. What rage!
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